Arthritis is an inflammatory disease that affects the joints and greatly affects the quality of life of those who suffer from it by causing acute pain, as well as stiffness and difficulty in the movement of the joints.
There are different types of arthritis being the most common osteoarthritis (OA), for example, people with rheumatoid arthritis are equivalent to 10% of people with OA. In normal joints, a firm, elastic material called cartilage covers the end of each bone. The cartilage provides a smooth surface for joint movement and acts as a buffer between the bones. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. As osteoarthritis worsens over time, bones can break and develop growths called spurs that greatly affect the quality of life of the patient, greatly limiting their daily activity.
Depending on the type of arthritis suffered, it may appear sooner or later. In the case of OA, it is more common in people older than 65 years. Risk factors include: increasing age, obesity, joint injuries and excessive use of the muscles that surround them.
One in two adults will develop symptoms of knee osteoarthritis during their lifetime, while 1 in 4 will develop symptoms of hip OA because of age. People who suffer from OA are 30% more likely to fall and 20% more risk of fractures than those who do not suffer from OA.
The knees, hips and lower back are the most common areas to develop osteoarthritis and it is usually very painful, especially during the first hour of the morning or after resting. This causes difficulty in bending the joints and cracking noises are very frequent.
It can usually be diagnosed through a complete medical history and a physical examination by a health professional. X-rays or magnetic resonances are very useful for diagnosis.
There is no cure for this type of arthritis, since this degenerative process is a one-way road and can’t be reversed. However, there are ways to help reduce the symptoms, inflammation and pain of this disease, as well as stop or slow down its evolution.
Exercise is fundamental; Walking and practicing yoga are excellent for balance, joint movement and muscle strength. Control your weight! Many studies have shown that a positive attitude can stimulate the immune system and increase a person’s ability to manage pain.
We have treated a large number of people suffering from OA and the vast majority have noticed very significant changes in their symptoms and their mobility.
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